Diseases of the arteries and veins can have an immediate and damaging impact on your health. Though your blood vessels are small in comparison to other organs, they are actually more important because they supply blood and carry away the toxins produced by bodily functions.
Several diseases can affect these blood vessels. Each disease responds to different treatments.
Diseases of the Arteries
Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD)
Insufficient blood supply to the extremities results in a variety of symptoms that can include Claudication (Pain in the calf while walking), which if not treated can lead to gangrene and eventually amputation. Neuropathy and Neuropraxia may also be symptoms.
Weakness in the artery walls leads to the creation of a bulge that fills with blood.
Blockage of an artery by a blood clot or an arterial rupture leads to poor blood supply in the brain. It results in impaired function and may cause death.
Diseases of the Veins
Due to poor circulation, large veins become enlarged and painful to the touch. This frequently occurs in the legs. Potential problems include leg swelling and possible ulcer development. In rare circumstances, clots may develop that can reach the lungs to cause pulmonary embolism (PE).
Small veins may also dilate and become enlarged in other parts of the body. Happening more often around the ankles and sometimes on the face, this is also a cosmetic problem.
Conservative therapies include pharmacological applications, wearing supportive garments and increasing exercise. They are non-invasive.
Diseased veins are destroyed, usually with a laser.
Injections of medicine cause the treated blood vessel to shrink.
Physicians target specific blood vessels and remove them.